Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States (CDC AR Report, 2019)

time:2019年11月20日    source:admin

CDC’s Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States, 2019 (2019 AR Threats Report) includes the latest national death and infection estimates that underscore the continued threat of antibiotic resistance in the U.S.

According to the report, more than 2.8 million antibiotic-resistant infections occur in the U.S. each year, and more than 35,000 people die as a result. In addition, 223,900 cases of Clostridioides difficile occurred in 2017 and at least 12,800 people died.

The report lists 18 antibiotic-resistant bacteria and fungi into three categories based on level of concern to human health—urgent, serious, and concerning:


Urgent Threats

  • Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter
  • Candida auris
  • Clostridioides difficile
  • Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
  • Drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Serious Threats

  • Drug-resistant Campylobacter
  • Drug-resistant Candida
  • ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae
  • Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE)
  • Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Drug-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella
  • Drug-resistant Salmonella serotype Typhi
  • Drug-resistant Shigella
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • Drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Drug-resistant Tuberculosis

Concerning Threats

  • Erythromycin-Resistant Group A Streptococcus
  • Clindamycin-resistant Group B Streptococcus
  • Azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus
  • Drug-resistant Mycoplasma genitalium
  • Drug-resistant Bordetella pertussis